An architectural masterpiece, The Red Fort of Agra or Agra Fort was built by Emperor Akbar in 1573. It is located on the right bank of the River Yamuna and is made entirely of red sandstone. The historical fort was once the erstwhile residence of the Mughals until 1638. One of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, it lies 2.5 kilometers from Taj Mahal (Uttar Pradesh).
Also known as Lal –Qila, Fort Rouge, or Qila-i-Akbari, Agra Fort is a symbol of Agra and is so massive that it is often referred to as a walled city. It is the perfect example of Mughal art and architecture, built purely out of red sandstone. Within the premises of Agra Fort lie the most exquisite structures like the Pearl Mosque, Diwan-i I Khas, Diwan-i I Aam, Moti Masjid, and Jahangiri Mahal. Some part of the Agra Fort is used by the Indian Army is off-limit to public access. The view of Yamuna River and the Taj Mahal from the fort’s pavilions is mind-stirring.
After the First Battle of Panipat in 1526, Babur remained in the stronghold, in the castle of Ibrahim Lodi. He later constructed a baoli (stepwell) in it. His replacement, Humayun, was delegated in the fortification in 1530. He was crushed at Bilgram in 1540 by Sher Shah Suri. The post stayed with the Suris till 1555 when Humayun recovered it. Adil Shah Suri’s general, Hemu, recovered Agra in 1556 and sought after its escaping lead representative to Delhi where he met the Mughals in the Battle of Tughlaqabad. Diwan-I-Aam, Hall of Public Audience. The impact created by lighting candles in Sheesh Mahal, Agra Fort.
Understanding the significance of its focal circumstance, Akbar made it his capital and showed up in Agra in 1558. His antiquarian, Abul Fazl, recorded that this was a block stronghold known as ‘Badalgarh’. It was in a destroyed condition and Akbar had it remade with red sandstone from Barauli territory Dhaulpur region, in Rajasthan. Architects established the framework and it was worked with blocks in the inward center with sandstone on outside surfaces. Somewhere in the range of 4,000 manufacturers chipped away at it day by day for a very long time, finishing it in 1573.
It was uniquely during the rule of Akbar’s grandson, Shah Jahan, that the site took on its present status. Shah Jahan fabricated the delightful Taj Mahal in the memory of his better half, Mumtaz Mahal. In contrast to his granddad, Shah Jahan would in general have structures produced using white marble. He wrecked a portion of the prior structures inside the fortification to make his own.
The fortress was under the Jat leaders of Bharatpur for 13 Years. In the fortification, they fabricated the Ratan Singh ki haveli. The post was attacked and caught by the Maratha Empire in the mid-eighteenth century. From that point, it changed hands between the Marathas and their enemies commonly. After their cataclysmic thrashing at the Third Battle of Panipat by Ahmad Shah Abdali in 1761, Marathas stayed out of the locale for the following decade. At long last Mahadji Shinde took the post in 1785. It was lost by the Marathas to the British during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, in 1803.
The post was the site of a fight during the Indian defiance of 1857, which caused the finish of the British East India Company’s standard in India, and prompted a hundred years of the direct principle of India by Britain.